|Publication type||Occasional Papers|
|Number of pages||34|
Exploring Connections: Corruption, Terrorism and Terrorist Financing occasional paper published by the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) Centre for Financial Crime and Security Studies.
In recent years, the international community has supplemented its longstanding focus on terrorism and terrorist financing with considerations of ways in which these threats intersect with other forms of illicit activity, notably organised crime.
A less explored perspective is the manner in which corruption – for example, corrupt border security guards or the illegal exploitation of natural resources – can facilitate terrorism. This paper sets out to remedy this dearth by looking at terrorism and terrorist financing, respectively.
For the purposes of this paper, we define corruption as the ‘abuse of entrusted power for private gain’. This includes actors in both the public and private sectors abusing their positions of power and necessitates that both sides benefit, whether in terms of money or some other kind of advantage. This paper divides its analysis across two primary areas: enabling terrorism, and facilitating terrorist financing. In the former, the connection between terrorism and corruption is particularly evident in two fields: border corruption and defence sector corruption.
Through a literature review and the use of case studies, this paper highlights each of these areas in turn. It concludes with recommendations for policymakers to consider in order to advance efforts to not only raise awareness of but also address the issues related to the intersection of corruption, terrorism and terrorist financing.
Kayla Izenman and Tom Keatinge, The Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), Centre for Financial Crime and Security Studies, Exploring Connections: Corruption, Terrorism and Terrorist Financing (02.04.2020)
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